Animals, from the fruit fly to the mouse, are widely used in scientific research. They are crucial for allowing scientists to learn more about human biology and health, and for developing new medicines.
Genetic engineering refers to the direct manipulation of an organism’s genes to alter or enhance certain characteristics.
The National DNA Database has proved to be a valuable tool in the fight against crime. However, many people are concerned about how it has evolved from a database containing genetic information on convicted criminals to one that has information from a much wider group of people.
Germline gene therapy targets the reproductive cells, meaning any changes made to the DNA will be passed on to the next generation. Consequently, the practice has dramatically divided opinion.
Open access refers to peer-reviewed scholarly research that is available, unrestricted, to anyone with an internet connection.
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