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Your body’s defence system that recognises and defends the body against pathogens such as bacteria and viruses.
The ability of an organism to resist a particular infection or disease due to having the specific antibodies or white blood cells needed to defend against it.
Reproduction resulting from the mating of a pair of individuals that are genetically closely related. Can lead to reduced fitness in a population.
The time it takes between becoming infected with a disease and beginning to show symptoms.
A type of stem cell generated from an adult cell that has been reprogrammed to act like an embryonic stem cell.
Disease caused by a microorganism such as a virus, bacterium or parasite. They can be spread from one person to another.
An immune reaction that results in localised redness, warmth and swelling. It generally occurs in response to an infection, irritation or injury.
The process by which genes and characteristics are passed down from parent to offspring.
The inability to sleep.
A hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates the amount of the sugar glucose in the blood. A lack of insulin or an inability to respond to insulin causes diabetes.
Part of a gene that is not used to make protein and is cut out from the RNA between transcription and translation.
An electrically charged particle formed when an atom loses or gains electrons.
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