From DNA to Protein (flash)

This flash animation shows how proteins are made in the cell from the information in the DNA code. 

This animation covers the major stages of protein synthesis. It takes you from how the information in the DNA is transcribed into mRNA to how this message is translated into amino acids and a protein product.

We start in the nucleus, the control centre of the cell, before zooming in to find the chromosomes made of DNA and containing the protein-coding genes. We then begin making a protein by exploring the genes being switched on and off. You see the processes of transcription and translation and the key roles different RNAs play as messenger and transfer molecules. Finally, we explain how the string of amino acids becomes a complex protein product by folding into its specific 3D shape.  

This page was last updated on 2015-12-01