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A diagnostic test where a thin layer of blood is smeared on a glass slide. This is then examined under a microscope for any abnormalities in platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells.
A colourless liquid that is secreted from the blood into specific parts of the brain to help maintain the critical pressure within the brain and spinal cord.
A medical procedure where a large needle is inserted into the lower part of the spine. It is used to test for conditions and infections affecting the brain, spinal cord or other parts of the nervous system. Also called a spinal tap.
The rapid spread of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
An immune reaction that results in localised redness, warmth and swelling. It generally occurs in response to an infection, irritation or injury.
Condition caused by a lack of red blood cells or lack of haemoglobin in the blood. It results in tiredness, pale skin and shortness of breath.
A condition resulting from a person not eating enough food or not eating the right foods to get necessary calories, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins or minerals.
A disease or condition that is common in a particular group of people or location.
A male or female reproductive cell that contains half the genetic information for an organism. In humans the gametes are the sperm and egg cells.
The time it takes between becoming infected with a disease and beginning to show symptoms.
When an organism has its normal functions suspended or slowed down for a period of time, as if in a deep sleep.
A measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. A pH of 7 means the solution is neutral, below 7 is acidic, above 7 is alkaline.
The ability of an organism to resist a particular infection or disease due to having the specific antibodies or white blood cells needed to defend against it.
A period of three months often used to describe the stages of a human pregnancy.
The immature form of an organism, for example an insect, which will develop into something else in adulthood.
The ability of a pathogen to evade the effects of a drug designed to kill or inhibit them.
De novo sequencing is when the genome of an organism is sequenced for the first time.
The full collection of genomes from all the microscopic organisms in a community or environment.
An organism that has had its genome changed by direct manipulation of its genes in a way that does not happen normally in nature.
A plant used in agriculture that has had its DNA changed by genetic engineering/modification.
Food produced from a plant or animal that has had its DNA changed by genetic engineering/modification.
A process where DNA is exchanged between two identical or similar DNA molecules.
The order of the bases in a length of DNA.
The use of living organisms and biological processes to make commercially useful products.
A new cell produced when a single cell divides into two.
When two DNA sequences are identical or similar to each other.
A change in a single base-pair in a strand of DNA.
The process by which a cell recognises and corrects damage to its DNA.
Of or relating to genes.
A powder produced by the male part of plants that contains plant sperm for reproduction.
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