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A powder produced by the male part of plants that contains plant sperm for reproduction.
Of or relating to genes.
The process by which a cell recognises and corrects damage to its DNA.
A change in a single base-pair in a strand of DNA.
When two DNA sequences are identical or similar to each other.
A new cell produced when a single cell divides into two.
The use of living organisms and biological processes to make commercially useful products.
The order of the bases in a length of DNA.
A process where DNA is exchanged between two identical or similar DNA molecules.
Food produced from a plant or animal that has had its DNA changed by genetic engineering/modification.
A plant used in agriculture that has had its DNA changed by genetic engineering/modification.
An organism that has had its genome changed by direct manipulation of its genes in a way that does not happen normally in nature.
The full collection of genomes from all the microscopic organisms in a community or environment.
De novo sequencing is when the genome of an organism is sequenced for the first time.
The ability of a pathogen to evade the effects of a drug designed to kill or inhibit them.
The immature form of an organism, for example an insect, which will develop into something else in adulthood.
A period of three months often used to describe the stages of a human pregnancy.
The ability of an organism to resist a particular infection or disease due to having the specific antibodies or white blood cells needed to defend against it.
A measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. A pH of 7 means the solution is neutral, below 7 is acidic, above 7 is alkaline.
When an organism has its normal functions suspended or slowed down for a period of time, as if in a deep sleep.
The time it takes between becoming infected with a disease and beginning to show symptoms.
A male or female reproductive cell that contains half the genetic information for an organism. In humans the gametes are the sperm and egg cells.
A disease or condition that is common in a particular group of people or location.
A condition resulting from a person not eating enough food or not eating the right foods to get necessary calories, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins or minerals.
Condition caused by a lack of red blood cells or lack of haemoglobin in the blood. It results in tiredness, pale skin and shortness of breath.
An immune reaction that results in localised redness, warmth and swelling. It generally occurs in response to an infection, irritation or injury.
The rapid spread of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
A medical procedure where a large needle is inserted into the lower part of the spine. It is used to test for conditions and infections affecting the brain, spinal cord or other parts of the nervous system. Also called a spinal tap.
A colourless liquid that is secreted from the blood into specific parts of the brain to help maintain the critical pressure within the brain and spinal cord.
A diagnostic test where a thin layer of blood is smeared on a glass slide. This is then examined under a microscope for any abnormalities in platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells.
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