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Material that emits radiation energy.
When the allele of a gene shows its effect only if there are two copies in the genome, for example the allele for blue eyes.
Doughnut shaped cells found in the blood. They are responsible for carrying oxygen to all of the organs and tissues in the body.
The genome sequence of an organism that is used as a representative example of the set of genes in the genome of that particular species. It can be used as a template for assembling and comparing individual genomes of the same species.
A layer of tissue lining the inner surface of the eye that contains cells sensitive to light. These cells trigger nerve impulses that pass, via the optic nerve, to the brain, forming an image and enabling us to see.
A group of RNA viruses which insert a DNA copy of their genome into the host cell in order to replicate, for example, HIV.
Small organelles found in our cells. They are responsible for assembling amino acids into proteins during protein synthesis.
A nucleic acid similar in structure and properties to DNA, but it only has a single strand of bases and instead of the base thymine (T), RNA has a base called uracil (U).
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